As conventional cars use gasoline stations, FCV use hydrogen stations. What is a hydrogen station?
How hydrogen Stations work
A hydrogen station consists of a dispenser, a hydrogen tank, and a compressor. There are different types of hydrogen stations in operation.
There are three types of Hydrogen stations:
- On-Site hydrogen stations that also produce Hydrogen on-site
- Off-Site hydrogen stations where hydrogen is transported from other sites
- Mobile hydrogen stations that can cover multiple places
Deployment status and future installation plan
To support the FCV popularization, public sector and private sector are working together to deploy hydrogen stations all over the nation.
- As of March 2021, 162 hydrogen stations are deployed in Japan.
- The goal is to increase the number of hydrogen stations to 320 by 2025 and 1000 by 2030.
- A sufficient number of hydrogen stations will be available by the second half of 2020s in accordance with the number of FCVs on the road (demand).
- To support the installation of hydrogen stations as planned, the Japan Hydrogen Station Network Joint Company (Japan H2 Mobility, abbreviation: JHyM) was established in February 2018.
Safety features in hydrogen stations
Various safety features can be found in a hydrogen station.
The following basic features and policies are applied to ensure the safety operation of hydrogen stations:
- Prevention of hydrogen leakage and early detection
- Preventing contamination in case of leakage to avoid fire
- To have fire mitigation measures in place